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Meryl Streep Bio
Meryl Streep (born June 22, 1949 as Mary Louise Streep) is an American Actress and Singer. Cited in the media as the “best Actress of her generation”, – a designation she objects to – Streep is particularly known for her versatility in her roles, transformation into the characters she plays, and her accent adaptation. She made her professional stage debut in The Playboy of Seville in 1971, and in 1976 received a Tony Award nomination for Best Featured Actress in a Play for A Memory of Two Mondays/27 Wagons Full of Cotton. She made her screen debut in the 1977 television film The Deadliest Season, and made her film debut later that same year in Julia. In 1978, she won an Emmy Award for her role in the miniseries Holocaust, and received her first Academy Award nomination for The Deer Hunter. Nominated for 19 Academy Awards in total, Streep has more nominations than any other actor or Actress; she won Best Supporting Actress for Kramer vs. Kramer (1979), and Best Actress for Sophie’s Choice (1982) and The Iron Lady (2011).
Streep is one of the six actors to have won three or more competitive Academy Awards for acting. Her other nominated roles are The French Lieutenant’s Woman (1981), Silkwood (1983), Out of Africa (1985), Ironweed (1987), Evil Angels (1988), Postcards from the Edge (1990), The Bridges of Madison County (1995), One True Thing (1998), Music of the Heart (1999), Adaptation (2002), The Devil Wears Prada (2006), Doubt (2008), Julie & Julia (2009), August: Osage County (2013), and Into the Woods (2014). She returned to the stage for the first time in over 20 years in The Public Theater’s 2001 revival of The Seagull, won a second Emmy Award in 2004 for the HBO miniseries Angels in America (2003), and starred in the Public Theater’s 2006 production of Mother Courage and Her Children.
Streep has also received 30 Golden Globe nominations, winning eight—more nominations, and more competitive (non-honorary) wins than any other actor (male or female). Her work has also earned her two Screen Actors Guild Awards, a Cannes Film Festival award, five New York Film Critics Circle Awards, two BAFTA awards, two Australian Film Institute awards, five Grammy Award nominations, and five Drama Desk Award nominations, among several others. She was awarded the AFI Life Achievement Award in 2004, the Gala Tribute from the Film Society of Lincoln Center in 2008, and the Kennedy Center Honor in 2011 for her contribution to American culture through performing arts. President Barack Obama awarded her the 2010 National Medal of Arts and in 2014 the Presidential Medal of Freedom. In 2003, the government of France made her a Commander of the Order of Arts and Letters. On November 3, 2016, Streep was selected as the recipient of the Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award at the 74th Golden Globe Awards.
Theater and film debut
Streep moved to New York City in 1975, and was cast by Joseph Papp in a production of Trelawny of the Wells at the Public Theater, opposite Mandy Patinkin and John Lithgow. She went on to appear in five more roles in her first year in New York, including in Papp’s New York Shakespeare Festival productions of Henry V page’>V, The Taming of the Shrew with Raúl Juliá, and Measure for Measure opposite Sam Waterston and John Cazale. She entered into a relationship with Cazale at this time, and resided with him until his death three years later. She starred in the musical Happy End on Broadway, and won an Obie for her performance in the off-Broadway play Alice at the Palace.
Although she had not set out for a film career, Robert De Niro’s performance in Taxi Driver (1976) had a profound impact on young Streep, who said to herself, “that’s the kind of actor I want to be when I grow up”. Streep began auditioning for film roles, and underwent an unsuccessful audition for the lead role in Dino De Laurentiis’s King Kong. Laurentiis stated in Italian to his son: “This is so ugly. Why did you bring me this”. Unknown to Laurentiis, Streep understood Italian and she remarked, “I’m very sorry that I’m not as beautiful as I should be but, you know—this is it. This is what you get”. She continued to work on Broadway, appearing in the 1976 double bill of Tennessee Williams’ 27 Wagons Full of Cotton and Arthur Miller’s A Memory of Two Mondays. For the former, she received a Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Play nomination. Streep’s other Broadway credits include Anton Chekhov’s The Cherry Orchard and the Bertolt Brecht-Kurt Weill musical Happy End, in which she had originally appeared off-Broadway at the Chelsea Theater Center. She received Drama Desk Award nominations for both productions.
Streep’s first feature film role came opposite Jane Fonda in the 1977 film Julia, in which she had a small role during a flashback sequence. Most of her scenes were edited out, but the brief time on screen horrified the Actress: “I had a bad wig and they took the words from the scene I shot with Jane and put them in my mouth in a different scene. I thought, I’ve made a terrible mistake, no more movies. I hate this business”. However, Streep cites Fonda as having a lasting influence on her as an Actress, and has credited her as “open(ing) probably more doors than I probably even know about”.
Robert De Niro, who had spotted Streep in her stage production of The Cherry Orchard, suggested that she play the role of his girlfriend in the war film The Deer Hunter (1978). Cazale, who had been diagnosed with lung cancer, was also cast in the film, and Streep took on the role of a “vague, stock girlfriend” to remain with Cazale for the duration of filming. Longworth notes that Streep “made a case for female empowerment by playing a woman to whom empowerment was a foreign concept—a normal lady from an average American small town, for whom subservience was the only thing she knew”. Pauline Kael, who would later become a strong critic of Streep’s, remarked that Streep was a “real beauty” who brought much freshness to the film with her performance. The film’s success exposed Streep to a wider audience and earned her a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress.
In the 1978 miniseries Holocaust, Streep played the leading role of a German woman married to a Jewish artist in Nazi era Germany. She found the material to be “unrelentingly noble” and professed to have Taken on the role for financial gain. Streep travelled to Germany and Austria for filming while Cazale remained in New York. Upon her return, Streep found that Cazale’s illness had progressed, and she nursed him until his death on March 12, 1978. With an estimated audience of 109 million, Holocaust brought a wider degree of public recognition to Streep, who found herself “on the verge of national visibility”. She won the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries or a Movie for her performance. Despite the awards success, Streep was still not enthusiastic towards her film career and preferred acting on stage.
Hoping to divert herself from the grief of Cazale’s death, Streep accepted a role in The Seduction of Joe Tynan (1979) as the chirpy love interest of Alan Alda, later commenting that she played it on “automatic pilot”. She performed the role of Katherine in The Taming of the Shrew for Shakespeare in the Park, and also played a supporting role in Manhattan (1979) for Woody Allen. Streep later said that Allen did not provide her with a complete script, giving her only the six pages of her own scenes, and did not permit her to improvise a word of her dialogue. In the drama Kramer vs. Kramer, Streep was cast opposite Dustin Hoffman as an unhappily married woman who abandons her husband and child. Streep thought that the script portrayed the female character as “too evil” and insisted that it was not representative of real women who faced marriage breakdown and child custody battles. The makers agreed with her, and the script was revised. In preparing for the part, Streep spoke to her own mother about her life as a wife with a career, and frequented the Upper East Side neighborhood in which the film was set, watching the interactions between parents and children. The director Robert Benton allowed Streep to write her own dialogue in two key scenes, despite some objection from Hoffman, who “hated her guts”. Jaffee and Hoffman later spoke of Streep’s tirelessness, with Hoffman commenting, “She’s extraordinarily hardworking, to the extent that she’s obsessive. I think that she thinks about nothing else but what she’s doing.” The film was controversial among feminists, but it was a role which film critic Stephen Farber believed displayed Streep’s “own emotional intensity”, writing that she was one of the “rare performers who can imbue the most routine moments with a hint of mystery”.
For Kramer vs. Kramer, Streep won both the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress and the Academy Award, which she famously left in the ladies room after giving her speech. She was also awarded the Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress, National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actress and National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actress for her collective work in her three film releases of 1979. Both The Deer Hunter and Kramer vs. Kramer were major commercial successes and were the consecutive winners of the Academy Award for Best Picture.
Rise to stardom
In 1979, Streep began workshopping Alice in Concert, a musical version of Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, with writer and composer Elizabeth Swados and director Joseph Papp; the show was put on at New York’s Public Theater from December 1980. Frank Rich of The New York Times referred to Streep as the “one wonder” of the production, but questioned why she had devoted so much energy to it. By 1980, Streep had progressed to leading roles in films. She was featured on the cover of Newsweek magazine with the headline “A Star for the 80s”, with Jack Kroll commenting, “There’s a sense of mystery in her acting; she doesn’t simply imitate (although she’s a great mimic in private). She transmits a sense of danger, a primal unease lying just below the surface of normal behavior”. Streep denounced the fervent media coverage of her at this time as “excessive hype”.
The story within a story drama The French Lieutenant’s Woman (1981) was Streep’s first leading role. The film paired Streep with Jeremy Irons as contemporary actors, telling their modern story, as well as the Victorian era drama they were performing. Streep perfected an English accent for the part, but considered herself a misfit for the role: ” I couldn’t help wishing that I was more beautiful”. A New York magazine article commented that, while many female stars of the past had cultivated a singular identity in their films, Streep was a “chameleon”, willing to play any type of role. Streep was awarded a BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role for her work. The following year, she reunited with Robert Benton for the psychological thriller, Still of the Night (1982), co-starring Roy Scheider and Jessica Tandy. Vincent Canby, writing for The New York Times, noted that the film was an homage to the works of Alfred Hitchcock, but that one of its main weaknesses was a lack of chemistry between Streep and Scheider, concluding that Streep “is stunning, but she’s not on screen anywhere near long enough”.
Greater success came later in the year when Streep starred in the drama Sophie’s Choice (also 1982), portraying a Polish holocaust survivor caught in a love triangle between a young naive writer (Peter MacNicol) and a Jewish intellectual (Kevin Kline). Streep’s emotional dramatic performance and her apparent mastery of a Polish accent drew praise. William Styron wrote the novel with Ursula Andress in mind for the role of Sophie, but Streep was determined to get the role. Streep filmed the “choice” scene in one take and refused to do it again, finding it extremely painful and emotionally exhausting. The scene in which Streep is ordered by an SS guard at Auschwitz to choose which one of her two children would be gassed and which would proceed to the labor camp, is her most famous scene, according to Emma Brockes of The Guardian who wrote in 2006: “It’s classic Streep, the kind of scene that makes your scalp tighten, but defter in a way is her handling of smaller, harder-to-grasp emotions”. Among several acting awards, Streep won the Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance, and her characterization was voted the third greatest movie performance of all time by Premiere magazine. Roger Ebert said of her delivery, “Streep plays the Brooklyn scenes with an enchanting Polish-American accent (she has the first accent I’ve ever wanted to hug), and she plays the flashbacks in subtitled German and Polish. There is hardly an emotion that Streep doesn’t Touch in this movie, and yet we’re never aware of her straining. This is one of the most astonishing and yet one of the most unaffected and natural performances I can imagine.” Pauline Kael on the contrary called the film an “infuriatingly bad movie” and thought that Streep “decorporealizes” herself, which she believed explained why her movie heroines “don’t seem to be full characters, and why there are no incidental joys to be had from watching her”.
The year 1983 saw Streep play her first non-fictional character, the nuclear whistleblower and labor union activist Karen Silkwood who died in a suspicious car accident while investigating alleged wrongdoing at the Kerr-McGee plutonium plant, in Mike Nichols’s biographical film Silkwood. Streep felt a personal connection to Silkwood, and in preparation she met with people close to the woman, and in doing so realized that each person saw a different aspect of her personality. She said, “I didn’t try to turn myself into Karen. I just tried to look at what she did. I put together every piece of information I could find about her… What I finally did was look at the events in her life, and try to understand her from the inside.” Jack Kroll of Newsweek considered Streep’s characterization to have been “brilliant”, while Silkwood’s boyfriend Drew Stephens expressed approval in that Streep had played Karen as a human being rather than a myth, despite Karen’s father Bill thinking that Streep and the film had dumbed his daughter down. Pauline Kael believed that Streep had been miscast. Streep next played opposite Robert De Niro in the romance Falling in Love (1984), which was poorly-received, and portrayed a fighter for the French Resistance during World War II in the British drama Plenty (1985), adapted from the play by David Hare. For the latter, Roger Ebert wrote that she conveyed “great subtlety; it is hard to play an unbalanced, neurotic, self-destructive woman, and do it with such gentleness and charm… Streep creates a whole character around a woman who could have simply been a catalogue of symptoms.” In 2008, Molly Haskell praised Streep’s performance in Plenty, believing it to be “one of Streep’s most difficult and ambiguous” films and “most feminist” role.
Out of Africa and backlash
Longworth considers Streep’s next release, Out of Africa (1985), to have established her as a Hollywood superstar. In the film, Streep starred as the Danish writer Karen Blixen opposite Robert Redford’s Denys Finch Hatton. Director Sydney Pollack was initially dubious about Streep in the role as he did not think she was sexy enough, and had considered Jane Seymour for the part. Pollack recalls that Streep impressed him in a different way: “She was so direct, so honest, so without bullshit. There was no shielding between her and me.” Streep and Pollack often clashed during the 101-day shoot in Kenya, particularly over Blixen’s voice. Streep had spent much time listening to tapes of Blixen and began speaking in an old-fashioned and aristocratic fashion, which Pollack thought excessive. A significant commercial and critical success, the film earned Streep another Academy Award nomination for Best Actress, and won as the Best Picture. Critic Stanley Kaufmann wrote, “Meryl Streep is back in top form. This means her performance in Out of Africa is at the highest level of acting in film today”.
Longworth notes that the dramatic success of Out of Africa led to a backlash of critical opinion against Streep in the years that followed, especially as she was now demanding $4 million a picture. Unlike other stars at the time such as Sylvester Stallone and Tom Cruise, Streep “never seemed to play herself”, and certain critics felt her technical finesse led people to literally see her acting. Her next films did not appeal to a wide audience; she co-starred with Jack Nicholson in the dramas Heartburn (1986) and Ironweed (1987), in which she sang onscreen for the first time since the television movie Secret Service (1977). In Evil Angels (1988), she played Lindy Chamberlain, an Australian woman who had been convicted of the murder of her infant daughter despite claiming that the baby had been Taken by a dingo. Filmed in Australia, Streep won the Australian Film Institute Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role, a Best Actress at the Cannes Film Festival, and the New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress. Streep has said of perfecting the Australian accent in the film: “I had to study a little bit for Australian because it’s not dissimilar (to American), so it’s like coming from Italian to Spanish. You get a little mixed up”. Vincent Canby of The New York Times referred to her performance as “another stunning performance”, played with “the kind of virtuosity that seems to redefine the possibilities of screen acting”.
In 1989, Streep lobbied to play the lead role in Oliver Stone’s adaption of the play Evita, but two months before filming was due to commence, she dropped out, citing “exhaustion” initially, although it was later revealed that there was a dispute over her salary. By the end of the decade, Streep actively looked to star in a comedy. She found the role in She-Devil (1989), a satire that parodied Hollywood’s obsession with beauty and cosmetic surgery, in which she played a glamorous writer. Though not a success, Richard Corliss of Time wrote that Streep was the “one reason” to see the film and observed that it marked a departure from the dramatic roles she was known to play. Reacting to her string of poorly received films, Streep said: “Audiences are shrinking; as the marketing strategy defines more and more narrowly who they want to reach—males from 16 to 25—it’s become a chicken-and-egg syndrome. Which came first? First they release all these summer movies, then do a demographic survey of who’s going to see them”.
Unsuccessful comedies and The Bridges of Madison County
Biographer Karen Hollinger described the early 1990s as a downturn in the popularity of Streep’s films, attributing this partly to a critical perception that her comedies had been an attempt to convey a lighter image following several serious but commercially unsuccessful dramas, and more significantly to the lack of options available to an Actress in her forties. Streep commented that she had limited her options by her preference to work in Los Angeles, close to her family, a situation that she had anticipated in a 1981 interview when she commented, “By the time an Actress hits her mid-forties, no one’s interested in her anymore. And if you want to fit a couple of babies into that schedule as well, you’ve got to pick your parts with great care.” At the Screen Actor’s Guild National Women’s Conference in 1990, Streep keynoted the first national event, emphasizing the decline in women’s work opportunities, pay parity, and role models within the film industry. She criticized the film industry for downplaying the importance of women both on screen and off.
After roles in the comedy-drama Postcards from the Edge (1990) and the comedy-fantasy Defending Your Life (1991), Streep starred with Goldie Hawn in farcical black comedy, Death Becomes Her (1992), with Bruce Willis as their co-star. Streep persuaded writer David Koepp to rewrite several of the scenes, particularly the one in which her character has an affair with a younger man, which she believed was “unrealistically male” in its conception. The seven-month shoot was the longest of Streep’s career, during which she got into character by “thinking about being slightly pissed off all of the time”. Due to Streep’s allergies to numerous cosmetics, special prosthetics had to be designed to age her by ten years to look 54, although Streep believed that they made her look nearer 70. Longworth considers Death Becomes Her to have been “the most physical performance Streep had yet committed to screen, all broad weeping, smirking, and eye-rolling”. Although it was a commercial success, earning $15.1 million in just five days, Streep’s contribution to comedy was generally not Taken well by critics. Time’s Richard Corliss wrote approvingly of Streep’s “wicked-witch routine” but dismissed the film as “She-Devil with a make-over” and one which “hates women”.
Streep appeared with Jeremy Irons, Glenn Close and Winona Ryder in The House of the Spirits (1993), set during the military dictatorship of Chile. The film was not well received by critics. Anthony Lane of The New Yorker wrote: “This is really quite an achievement. It brings together Jeremy Irons, Meryl Streep, Winona Ryder, Antonio Banderas, and Vanessa Redgrave and insures that, without exception, they all give their worst performances ever”. The following year, Streep featured in The River Wild, as the mother of children on a whitewater rafting trip who encounter two violent criminals (Kevin Bacon and John C. Reilly) in the wilderness. Though critical reaction was generally mixed, Peter Travers of Rolling Stone found her to be “strong, sassy and looser than she has ever been onscreen”.
Streep’s most successful film of the decade was the romance The Bridges of Madison County (1995) directed by Clint Eastwood, who adapted the film from Robert James Waller’s novel of the same name. It relates the story of Robert Kincaid (Eastwood), a photographer working for National Geographic, who has a love affair with a middle-aged Italian farm wife in Iowa named Francesca (Streep). Though Streep disliked the novel it was based on, she found the script to be a special opportunity for an Actress her age. She gained weight for the part, and dressed differently from the character in the book to emulate voluptuous Italian film stars such as Sophia Loren. Both Loren and Anna Magnani were an influence in her portrayal, and Streep viewed Pier Paolo Passolini’s Mamma Roma (1962) prior to filming. The film was a box office hit and grossed over $70 million in the United States. The film, unlike the novel, was warmly received by critics. Janet Maslin of The New York Times wrote that Eastwood had managed to create “a moving, elegiac love story at the heart of Mr. Waller’s self-congratulatory overkill”, while Joe Morgenstern of The Wall Street Journal described it as “one of the most pleasurable films in recent memory”. Longworth believes that Streep’s performance was “crucial to transforming what could have been a weak soap opera into a vibrant work of historical fiction implicitly critiquing postwar America’s stifling culture of domesticity”. She considers it to have been the role in which Streep became “arguably the first middle-aged Actress to be Taken seriously by Hollywood as a romantic heroine”.
Streep played the estranged sister of Bessie (Diane Keaton), a woman battling leukemia, in Marvin’s Room (1996), an adaptation of the play by Scott McPherson. Streep recommended Keaton for the role. The film also featured Leonardo DiCaprio as the rebellious son of Streep’s character. Roger Ebert stated that “Streep and Keaton, in their different styles, find ways to make Lee and Bessie into much more than the expression of their problems.” The film was well received, and Streep earned another Golden Globe nomination for her performance.
As an Irishwoman, Streep opposite Michael Gambon and Catherine McCormack in Pat O’Connor’s Dancing at Lughnasa (1998), which was entered into the Venice Film Festival of its year of releaser. Janet Maslin of The New York Times remarked that “Meryl Streep has made many a grand acting gesture in her career, but the way she simply peers out a window in Dancing at Lughnasa ranks with the best. Everything the viewer need know about Kate Mundy, the woman she plays here, is written on that prim, lonely face and its flabbergasted gaze”. Later that year, Streep played a cancer sufferer caught in a difficult family situation, playing the mother of Renée Zellweger and wife of William Hurt in One True Thing. The film gained positive reviews. Mick LaSalle in the San Francisco Chronicle declared: “After ‘One True Thing’, critics who persist in the fiction that Streep is a cold and technical Actress will need to get their heads examined. She is so instinctive and natural – so thoroughly in the moment and operating on flights of inspiration – that she’s able to give us a woman who’s at once wildly idiosyncratic and utterly believable.” Los Angeles Times film critic Kenneth Turan noted that Streep’s role “is one of the least self-consciously dramatic and surface showy of her career, but that she “adds a level of honesty and reality that makes (her performance) one of her most moving.”
Streep portrayed Roberta Guaspari, a real-life New Yorker who found passion and enlightenment teaching violin to the inner-city kids of East Harlem, in the Music drama Music of the Heart (1999). A departure from director Wes Craven’s previous work in films like A Nightmare on Elm Street and the Scream series, Streep replaced Singer Madonna who left the project before filming began due to creative differences with Craven. Required to perform on the violin, Streep went through two months of intense training, five to six hours a day. Streep received nominations for an Academy Award, a Golden Globe and a Screen Actors Guild Award for her performance. Roger Ebert wrote that “Meryl Streep is known for her mastery of accents; she may be the most versatile speaker in the movies. Here you might think she has no accent, unless you’ve heard her real speaking voice; then you realize that Guaspari’s speaking style is no less a particular achievement than Streep’s other accents. This is not Streep’s voice, but someone else’s – with a certain flat quality, as if later education and refinement came after a somewhat unsophisticated childhood.”
Streep entered the 2000s with an uncredited voice cameo in Steven Spielberg’s A.I. Artificial Intelligence (2001), a science fiction film about a childlike android, played by Haley Joel Osment. The same year, Streep co-hosted the annual Nobel Peace Prize Concert concert with Liam Neeson which was held in Oslo, Norway, on December 11, 2001, in honour of the Nobel Peace Prize laureate, the United Nations and Kofi Annan.
In 2001, Streep returned to the stage for the first time in more than twenty years, playing Arkadina in The Public Theater’s revival of Anton Chekhov’s The Seagull, directed by Mike Nichols and co-starring Kevin Kline, Natalie Portman, and Philip Seymour Hoffman. The same year, she began work on Spike Jonze’s comedy-drama Adaptation (2002), in which she portrayed real-life journalist Susan Orlean. Lauded by critics and viewers alike, the film won Streep her fourth Golden Globe in the Best Supporting Actress category. A. O. Scott in The New York Times considered Streep’s portrayal of Orlean to have been “played with impish composure”, noting the contrast in her “wittily realized” character with love interest Chris Cooper’s “lank-haired, toothless charisma” as the autodidact arrested for poaching rare orchids. Streep appeared alongside Nicole Kidman and Julianne Moore in Stephen Daldry’s The Hours (2002), based on the 1999 novel by Michael Cunningham. Focusing on three women of different generations whose lives are interconnected by the novel Mrs. Dalloway by Virginia Woolf, the film was generally well received and won all three leading actresses a Silver Bear for Best Actress.
Streep had a cameo as herself in the Farrelly brothers comedy Stuck on You (2003) and reunited with Mike Nichols to star with Al Pacino and Emma Thompson in the HBO adaptation of Tony Kushner’s six-hour play Angels in America (2003), the story of two couples whose relationships dissolve amidst the backdrop of Reagan Era politics. Streep, who was cast in four roles in the mini-series, received her second Emmy Award and fifth Golden Globe for her performance.
She appeared in Jonathan Demme’s moderately successful remake of The Manchurian Candidate (2004), co-starring Denzel Washington, playing the role of a woman who is both a U.S. senator and the manipulative, ruthless mother of a vice-presidential candidate. The same year, she played the supporting role of Aunt Josephine in Lemony Snicket’s A Series of Unfortunate Events alongside Jim Carrey, based on the first three novels in Snicket’s book series. The black comedy received generally favorable reviews from critics, and won the Academy Award for Best Makeup. Inspired by her love of Giverny in France and Claude Monet, Streep did the narration for the film Monet’s Palate, with Alice Waters, Steve Wynn, Daniel Boulud and Helen Rappel Bordman.
Streep was next cast in the comedy film Prime (2005), directed by Ben Younger. In the film, she played Lisa Metzger, the Jewish psychoanalyst of a divorced and lonesome business-woman, played by Uma Thurman, who enters a relationship with Metzger’s 23-year-old son (Bryan Greenberg). A modest mainstream success, it eventually grossed US$67.9 million internationally. Roger Ebert noted how Streep had “that ability to cut through the solemnity of a scene with a zinger that reveals how all human effort is”.
In August and September 2006, Streep starred onstage at The Public Theater’s production of Mother Courage and Her Children at the Delacorte Theatre in Central Park. The Public Theater production was a new translation by playwright Tony Kushner (Angels in America), with songs in the Weill/Brecht style written by composer Jeanine Tesori (Caroline, or Change); veteran director George C. Wolfe was at the helm. Streep starred alongside Kevin Kline and Austin Pendleton in this three-and-a-half-hour play. Around the same time, Streep, along with Lily Tomlin, portrayed the last two members of what was once a popular family Music page’>Country Music act in Robert Altman’s final film A Prairie Home Companion (2006). A comedic ensemble piece featuring Lindsay Lohan, Tommy Lee Jones, Kevin Kline and Woody Harrelson, the film revolves around the behind-the-scenes activities at the long-running public radio show of the same name. The film grossed more than US$26 million, the majority of which came from domestic markets.
Commercially, Streep fared better with a role in The Devil Wears Prada (also 2006), a loose screen adaptation of Lauren Weisberger’s 2003 novel of the same name. Streep portrayed the powerful and demanding Miranda Priestly, fashion magazine editor (and boss of a recent college graduate played by Anne Hathaway). Though the overall film received mixed reviews, her portrayal, of what Ebert calls the “poised and imperious Miranda”, drew rave reviews from critics and earned her many award nominations, including her record-setting 14th Oscar bid, as well as another Golden Globe. On its commercial release, the film became Streep’s biggest commercial success to this point, grossing more than US$326.5 million worldwide.
She portrayed a wealthy university patron in Chen Shi-zheng’s much-delayed feature drama Dark Matter, a film about a Chinese science graduate student who becomes violent after dealing with academic politics at a U.S. university. Inspired by the events of the 1991 University of Iowa shooting, and initially scheduled for a 2007 release, producers and investors decided to shelve Dark Matter out of respect for the Virginia Tech massacre in April 2007. The drama received negative to mixed reviews upon its limited 2008 release. Streep played a U.S. government official who investigates an Egyptian foreign national suspected of terrorism in the political thriller Rendition (2007), directed by Gavin Hood. Keen to get involved in a thriller film, Streep welcomed the opportunity to star in a film genre for which she was not usually offered scripts and immediately signed on to the project. Upon its release, Rendition was less commercially successful, and received mixed reviews.
In this period, Streep had a short role alongside Vanessa Redgrave, Glenn Close and her eldest daughter Mamie Gummer in Lajos Koltai’s drama film Evening (2007), based on the 1998 novel of the same name by Susan Minot. Switching between the present and the past, it tells the story of a bedridden woman, who remembers her tumultuous life in the mid-1950s. The film was released to a lukewarm reaction from critics, who called it “beautifully filmed, but decidedly dull (and) a colossal waste of a talented cast.” She had a role in Robert Redford’s Lions for Lambs (also 2007), a film about the connection between a platoon of United States soldiers in Afghanistan, a U.S. senator, a reporter, and a California college professor. Like Evening, critics felt that the talent of the cast was wasted and that it suffered from slow pacing, although one critic announced that Streep positively stood out, being “natural, unforced, quietly powerful”, in comparison to Redford’s forced performance.
Streep found major commercial success when she starred in Phyllida Lloyd’s Mamma Mia! (2008), a film adaptation of the musical of the same name, based on the songs of Swedish pop group ABBA. Co-starring Amanda Seyfried, Pierce Brosnan, Stellan Skarsgård and Colin Firth, Streep played a single mother and a former girl-group Singer, whose daughter (Seyfried), a bride-to-be who never met her father, invites three likely paternal candidates to her wedding on an idyllic Greek island. An instant box office success, Mamma Mia! became Streep’s highest-grossing film to date, with box office receipts of US$602.6 million, also ranking it first among the highest-grossing musical films. Nominated for another Golden Globe, Streep’s performance was generally well received by critics, with Wesley Morris of The Boston Globe commenting “the greatest actor in American movies has finally become a movie star.”
Doubt (also 2008) features Streep with Philip Seymour Hoffman, Amy Adams, and Viola Davis. A drama revolving around the stern principal nun (Streep) of a Bronx Catholic school in 1964 who brings charges of pedophilia against a popular priest (Hoffman), the film became a moderate box office success, and was hailed by many critics as one of the best films of 2008. The film received five Academy Awards nominations, for its four lead actors and for Shanley’s script. Ebert, who awarded the film the full four stars, highlighted Streep’s caricature of a nun, who “hates all inroads of the modern world”, while Kelly Vance of The East Bay Express remarked: “It’s thrilling to see a pro like Streep step into an already wildly exaggerated role and then ramp it up a few notches just for the sheer hell of it. Grim, red-eyed, deathly pale Sister Aloysius may be the scariest nun of all time.”
Streep played chef Julia Child in Nora Ephron’s Julie & Julia (2009), co-starring with Stanley Tucci and again with Amy Adams. (Tucci and Streep had worked together earlier in Devil Wears Prada.) The first major motion picture based on a blog, Julie and Julia contrasts the life of Child in the early years of her culinary career with the life of young New Yorker Julie Powell (Adams), who aspires to cook all 524 recipes in Child’s cookbook Mastering the Art of French Cooking. Longworth believes her caricature of Julia Child was “quite possibly the biggest performance of her career while also drawing on her own experience to bring lived-in truth the story of a late bloomer”. In Nancy Meyers’ romantic comedy It’s Complicated (also 2009), Streep starred with Alec Baldwin and Steve Martin. She received nominations for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy for both Julie & Julia and It’s Complicated; she won the award for Julie & Julia and later received her 16th Oscar nomination for it. She also lent her voice to Mrs. Felicity Fox in the stop-motion film Fantastic Mr. Fox.
Phyllida Lloyd’s The Iron Lady (2011), is a British biographical film about Margaret Thatcher (Streep), which takes a look at the Prime Minister during the Falklands War and her years in retirement. Streep, who observed a session at the House of Commons watching British MPs in action to prepare for her role, called her casting “a daunting and exciting challenge.” While the film had a mixed reception, Streep’s performance gained rave reviews, earning her Best Actress awards at the Golden Globes and the BAFTAs as well as her third win at the 84th Academy Awards. Former advisers, Friends and family of Thatcher criticized Streep’s portrayal of her as inaccurate and biased. The following year, after Thatcher’s death, Streep issued a formal statement describing Thatcher’s “hard-nosed fiscal measures” and “hands-off approach to financial regulation,” while praising her “personal strength and grit.”
Streep reunited with Prada director David Frankel on the set of the comedy-drama film Hope Springs (2012), co-starring Tommy Lee Jones and Steve Carell. Streep and Jones play a middle-aged couple, who attend a week of intensive marriage counseling to try to bring back the intimacy missing in their relationship. Reviews for the film were mostly positive, with critics praising the “mesmerizing performances (…) which offer filmgoers some grown-up laughs – and a thoughtful look at mature relationships”.
In the black comedy drama August: Osage County (2013), Streep starred with Julia Roberts, Ewan McGregor, and Chris Cooper. The film concerns a dysfunctional family that reunites into the familial House when their patriarch suddenly disappears. Based on Tracy Letts’s Pulitzer Prize-winning play of the same name, Streep received positive reviews for her portrayal of the family’s strong-willed and contentious matriarch, who is suffering from oral cancer and an addiction to narcotics, and was subsequently nominated for another Golden Globe, SAG, and Academy Award. At the National Board of Review Awards in 2013, Streep labeled Walt Disney as “anti-semitic” and a “gender bigot.” Former actors, employees and animators who knew Disney during his lifetime rebuffed the comments as misinformed and selective. The Walt Disney Family Museum issued a statement rebuking Streep’s allegations indirectly, citing, among others, Disney‘s contributions to Jewish charities and his published letters stating that women “have the right to expect the same chances for advancement as men.” However, Disney‘s grandniece, Abigail Disney, wholeheartedly agreed with Streep’s statements, stating that he was an “anti-Semite,” and “racist” who was also an exemplary filmmaker whose work “made Billions of people happy.”
The Giver (2014) is a motion picture adaptation of the young adult novel in which Streep plays a community leader. Set in 2048, the social science fiction film recounts the story of a post-apocalyptic community without war, pain, suffering, differences or choice, where a young boy is chosen to learn The Real World. Streep was aware of the book before being offered the role by co-star and producer Jeff Bridges. Upon its release, The Giver was met with generally mixed to negative reviews from critics. She also had a small role in the period drama film The Homesman (also 2014). Set in the 1850s midwest, the film stars Hilary Swank and Tommy Lee Jones as an unusual pair who help three women driven to madness by the frontier to get back East. Streep does not appear until near the end of the film, playing a preacher’s wife, who takes the women into care. The Homesman premiered at the 2014 Cannes Film Festival where it garnered largely positive reviews from critics.
Directed by R&B Marshall, Into the Woods (also 2014) is a Disney film adaptation of the Broadway musical with Music and lyrics by Stephen Sondheim in which Streep plays a witch. A fantasy genre crossover inspired by the Grimm Brothers’ fairy tales, it centers on a childless couple, who sets out to end a curse placed on them by Streep’s vengeful witch. Though the film was dismissed by some critics such as Mark Kermode as “irritating naffness”, Streep’s performance earned her Academy Award, Golden Globe, SAG, and Critic’s Choice Award nominations for Best Supporting Actress. In July 2014, it was announced that Streep would portray Maria Callas in Master Class, but the project was pulled after director Mike Nichols’s death in November of the same year.
Streep starred in Jonathan Demme’s Ricki and The Flash (2015), playing a grocery store checkout worker by day who is a rock musician at night, and who has one last chance to reconnect with her estranged family. Streep learned to play the guitar for the semi-autobiographical drama-comedy film, which again featured Streep with her eldest daughter Mamie Gummer. Reviews of the film were generally mixed. Streep’s other film of this time was director Sarah Gavron’s period drama Suffragette (also 2015), co-starring Carey Mulligan and Helena Bonham Carter. In the film, she played the small but pivotal role of Emmeline Pankhurst, a British political activist and leader of the British suffragette movement who helped women win the right to vote. The film received mostly positive reviews, particularly for the performances of the cast, though its distributor earned criticism that Streep’s prominent position within the marketing was misleading. She next starred in the Stephen Frears-directed comedy Florence Foster Jenkins (2016), an eponymous biopic about opera Singer Florence Foster Jenkins. For this performance, she received additional Golden Globe, SAG and BAFTA nominations as well as the Critics’ Choice Movie Award for Best Actress in a Comedy. Other cast members include Hugh Grant and Simon Helberg.
In February 2016, Streep was president of the main competition jury at the 66th Berlin International Film Festival. In July 2016, it was reported that Streep was in talks to work again with R&B Marshall and Emily Blunt in Mary Poppins Returns where she would play the title character’s cousin Topsy.